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Alan Machin: Tourism As Education
Home page: blogs, introductions, links to main pages
Berlin: Editing a Townscape
... and reading a city that has had many rebuilders
Making Sense of The Travel Learning Experience- 1
1 Information Streams
Making Sense of the Travel Learning Experience - 2
Some basic theories
Back to Basics: Presentation given at the Cuba EduTourism Conference
The CETA Conference in Havana, Cuba, 8/9 November 2010
About the author
Comments - CV - photos
At the heart of the tourist experience
Learning through Landscapes
Exploring Oxfordshire (and a bit of Gloucestershire!)
The Environment As Data: Building New Theories For Tourism
How tourists relate to places
Sail Gives Way to Steam
A return visit discovers just how much has been achieved in this iconic restoration
Richard III and the Battle of Bosworth Reenactment
Visits to Leicester and the battlefield event, 2013
Along The Way
Recollections and Reflections of 60+ Years' Learning about the World and its Ways
On the Edge of the New World
Shaping New England
Exploring Holderness in East Yorkshire; October 2012
Past Historic
Graf Zepplin, Spain 1968, OS History, Much Wenlock Olympics, Chatham Dockyard, Hawes Tourism, Colonial Williamsburg,
A Summer of Travelling / Matthew Starr
Three months' backpacking in Africa, Asia and Australia
East Anglia
The Broads, Pensthorpe natural history, Radar Museum, Caister Lifeboat Service and more!
A Richer Earth
Discoveries in the landscape and attractions of Shropshire
Blog Index Page
Blog pages from 2009 listed
From Strip Map to Sat Nav
'Finding the way' aids to exploration
Showcasing the World
How the Tourist Microcosm took centre stage
Doing A Dissertation
Notes to help students preparing their proposals
The Japanese Tsunami Destruction at First Hand
Sarah and Tom Wadsworth saw for themselves
Showcases: Examples
The range and variety of tourism's focal points examined
Jigsaw: Frameworks of Knowledge
The tourist jigsaw puzzle of - knowledge
Books and other works useful in studying tourism as education
Tourism's Educational Origins: Part 2
The development of tourism as education, 1845 -
Tourism's Educational Origins: Part 1
Tourism's educational origins and management
Impressions of Tourism in Cuba
Thoughts on having seen some of the country myself
Captain James Cook: North Yorkshire Days
Tracing the early life of Britain's greatest maritime explorer
Hunting the Hound of the Baskervilles
Tracking down places that inspired the famous detective story and moulded Dartmoor's image
Exploring the Idea of Dark Tourism
What is it? Is it a useful idea?
Talking to Tourists
Visitor interpretation - guide books, visitor centres and other media
Shades of Light and Dark in the Garden of England
An exploration in East Sussex and Kent, June/July 2010
Hunting the Gladiator and the Gecko
A thirteen-year search for a wartime adventure
Steam Up For A Famous Film's Birthday Party
The Railway Children weekend on the Worth Valley line raises questions about heritage presentations
Anne-Marie Rhodes: Making a Difference in South East Asia
Leeds Met graduate of '07 describes her activities
Discoveries in Northumberland, April 2010
Alnwick Gardens; Winter's Gibbet; Holy Island, Cragside, Wallington Hall
Discoveries in the Midlands, March 2010
Bletchley Park National Codes and Cipher Centre; and the Rollright Stones
Alan Machin's Blog - April 2010
The development of tourism as education continued
Jigsaw Puzzle!
The Adventure of the Timely Tourist
Leaders Into The Field
People who inspired everyone to explore
Alan Machin's blogs - February and March 2010
Postings on the history tourism as education - redirection
Alan Machin's Blog - January 2010
Tourist photography and souvenirs
Earlier front-page blog postings - January 2010 onwards
Archived after being on the Home Page
News from higher education and - beyond
The Development of Educational Tourism
Key dates in the development of educational tourism
Alan Machin's Blog - December 2009
Christmas Quiz and other postings
Analysing Heritage Tourism
Ideas and perspectives on a hugely important sector
Alan Machin's Blog - November 2009
Visitors' Views of Stonehenge, West Sussex - and other Postings
Are Universities Losing Their Way?
Reflections having retired
Teaching Tourism At Leeds Met
Remembering the Best
Alan Machin's Blog - October 2009
Thoughts about university life and discovery by travel
Alan Machin's Blog - September 2009
Further postings about a trip last month to the USA, and about higher education
Alan Machin's Blog - August 2009
Postings about a trip this month to the USA
Alan Machin's Blog - July 2009
The Story So Far reaches the summer
Alan Machin's Blog - June 2009
The Story So Far looks back on seventeen years at Leeds Met
Alan Machin's Blog - May 2009
Another month of The Story So Far
Alan Machin's blog - April 2009
Yet more of the Story So Far
Alan Machin's blog - March 2009
More of The Story So Far
Alan Machin's Blog - February 2009
The Story So Far - pioneers, people and places
Alan Machin's Blog: January 2009
The Story So Far .... first postings of '09
Alan Machin's Blog: December 2008
The Story So Far .... latest postings
Alan Machin's Blog - November '08
The Story So Far.... continued
Alan Machin's Blog: October 2008
The Story So Far....
No Place Like Rome
The eternal city with the eternal tourists
Charleston, South Carolina
A photo essay about a fine historic city
Idealog - December 2007
Ideas, notes and comments
Idealog - November 2007
Ideas, notes and comments
The Educational Origins of Tourism
Discussion paper
Idealog - October 2007
Coton Military Cemetery; Education and Tourism; Chatham Maritime; Dickens World; Quiz Answers; Tourist Guides; Mediation In Tourism
Idealog - September 2007
Plane Paradox;Tour Guiding; Where in the World?; Do Tourism Students Know Where They Are?; Leeds Met's Wow!; Sea Harrier; Scarborough and Tourism As Education; Doing A Dissertation; Types of Tourist; A Media Lens; Cost of Travelling Alone; Risk of Bias?
Idealog - August 2007
A People Industry; Heritage Interpretation; Lud's Church; Tourists Go Home!; Stone Gappe YHA; Insight Guides; Eyewitness Guides; Bramhope Tunnel; Elizabethan Progress; Information Quality Matrix
Idealog - July 2007
Hidden Heroes, Health Tourism, Holme Fen Posts; Harrogate (again); Whitby Abbey; Dramatic Interpretation; Harrogate Interpretation, Attractions and Royal Hall
Idealog - June 2007
Christian Pilgrimage; Cincinnati Museums Centre; The Coming of the Guide Book; Talking to Tourists - Media, Stages of the Visit, The Service Journey; Tourism's Missing Link; The Final Call; SATuration level; Halifax's Edwardian Window on the World
Idealog - May 2007
Martin and Osa Johnson, Wensleydale Creamery, Malham Tarn, Thomas Cook, Northern Ireland's Tourism Rebuild, Jamestown Festival Park, Cite des Sciences
Idealog - April 2007
The Promenade Plantee, The Jardin des Plantes, Environmental Data, Victorian Beauty Spot Rediscovered, Jamestown, The Anglers' Country Park, Children's Museums, Fairburn Ings
Idealog - March 2007
A Sense of the Past- The 'Amsterdam', The Outdoor Classroom, Film-Induced Tourism, Making Tracks for the Coast and Country, Pictures, Context and Meaning, Classics-on-Sea, Hi Hi Everyone!, Dark Side of the Dream, Holodyne - The Action Cycle
Idealog - February 2007
Don't Go There!, Space Tourism, The Crystal Cathedral, New Books on Tourism, Dark Tourism - Undercliffe Cemetery, Showcase - The Louvre, A Class Act, First Impressions Count, Postal Pleasures, Canaletto in Venice, Serpent Mound, Capsule Culture etc
Idealog - January 2007
Capsule Culture,Seaside Style, Poble Espanyol, Mallorca, Edgar Dale, Children's Holiday Homes, Representations of Reality, Outdoor Education in Germany, Baedeker Guides, Geography Textbooks, Environmental Data Theory etc
Idealog - December 2006
Writers on Landscape, Story Books, The Deep, Flour Power and the Archers,Showcases: Grand Tour, Halifax Piece Hall, Books of Concern about Tourism, Tourist Traces, Tourist Typologies, The Growth of Educational Tourism, The Field Studies Council, etc
Idealog - November 2006
A blog of ideas, comments and notes
Travel To Understand: Belfast
Telling the stories of troubled times
World Quiz 2010
Geography with a tourism angle
The Monterey Bay Aquarium
An outstanding educational facility in California
Chicago: Tourism Re-Imaging
A closer view of an iconic city
Colonial Williamsburg
A Virginia history showcase
A Social Club Outing By Train, 1935
How to do Scotland in 30 hours flat
Going Dutch
Presenting the past in the Netherlands
Keukenhof: Business is Blooming
Using tourism to promote an industry
A View of Italy for the City
Trentham Gardens Revived
A Case Study in Heritage Management
A curious tale of misleading publicity
Old Rice Farm
The story of the house in the 'holler'
Perfection in Paradise: The Eden Project
New page being added: The Eden Project's design for success
Escaping From Slavery: Facing Our Past
The US National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
Prague Tourist Shows
Outstanding showcase attractions in the city
Retracing the Steps: Tourism as Education
ATLAS Conference paper given in Finland, 2000
Tourism and Historic Towns: The Cultural Key
A background paper for a Council of Europe Conference
The Social Helix
Visitor Interpretation as a Tool for Social Development, 1989
Malta Residential, 14-21 Feb 2006 - Page 1
Reports and Pictures
Malta Residential, 14-21 Feb 2006 - Page 2
Photos and reports of Friday 17 Feb onwards
Malta Residential, 14-21 February 2006 - Page 3
Reports and pictures from Sunday, 19 February onwards
Tourism Alumni Reunion, 8 March 2003
Leeds tourism students reunion 2003
World Geography Quiz 1
A test of your knowledge
The Adventure of the Timely Tourist
The answers
Tall Ships Race 2010 Converged on Hartlepool
A major event-based boost for tourism in the town
Plymouth: From the Tamar to the Sea
Starting point for explorations round the globe
Plimoth Plantation
A reconstruction of the Mayflower settlers' village of the 1620s on the north east coast of North America
World Geography Quiz 2010 - Answers
Geography with a tourism angle
World Geography Quiz - Answers
Christmas Quiz 2009 - Answers
A day in the city including the Botanic Garden
Tourist Showcases
Examples from around the world

Anne-Marie Rhodes: Making a Difference in South East Asia

Anne-Marie Rhodes in South East Asia

My travels so far have taken me through Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Equador up to California then across to Laos, Vietnam, Shanghai and Cambodia. I have another year in Cambodia to complete then hope to go onto India, Tibet, Borneo etc. As many places as possible!

I am living in Phnom Penh. I have been here for 11 months now teaching in the mornings and (originally) volunteering with a project called 'Funky Junk Recycled' in the afternoons. The volunteering after nine months ended up turning paid as the lady I was working with, (Maria who was completing her Masters at Leeds Met in Responsible Tourism) left and so I took her position and also helped out on the travel side with an organisation called Carpe Diem.

I ended up volunteering with Funky Junk because of keeping in touch with Geoff Cox who a group of us did an assignment with about a social enterprise hotel during my degree. It will be my first time home at the end of this month [July 2010] for six weeks after two and half years of travelling and teaching in Vietnam, Cambodia and China and also backpacking up through South America so I am really excited to see my friends and family again.

I will be returning back to Cambodia for another year to carry on teahing after my holiday home and then hope to go onto India.


The picture (above) where I am sat in the jungle was taken in Laos in Luang Nam tha in the north. The other is from when I stayed with Mrs Vandara and her family for six weeks and wrote the English for a website for the guesthouses that she owns. After two years they emailed me to let me know that the website had finally been put together and after teaching for two and a bit years it made me smile as I can see so many mistakes in the language used. Here is the website i helped make with them:

Click here for Mrs Vandara's web site

My travels so far have taken me through Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Equador up to California then across to Laos, Vietnam, shanghai and Cambodia. I have another year in Cambodia to complete then hope to go onto India, Tibet, Borneo etc. As many places as possible!


The project that i am working on here in Cambodia is called FunkyJunk Recycled. Here is some info about the project:

How was this project initiated?

FunkyJunk Recycled was founded by Carpe Diem Travel, a social enterprise tour operator, created by an English/Dutch couple as a direct result of working as volunteers in Cambodia in 2000 and seeing how the legacy of the Khmer Rouge genocide had left many without any source of income or belief in themselves. Their aim was twofold: to share with the outside world the places they had seen, the people they had met - and use responsible tourism as a means of helping local people to lift themselves out of poverty and create their own destinies.

During their time living in the country and taking visitors to see its many sights, they became very much aware of the extent of plastic bag litter and wondered how they could do something about it. Through talking to local people they learned that other litter, such as plastic bottles and tin cans, could be sold to recycling companies, but that no such facility existed for bags. So they decided to start their own.

The aim was to establish a self-sustaining operation, where trash pickers could get compensation for plastic bags and those bags could then be made into resaleable items. A key consideration was technology - by nature of the Cambodian environment, the production process needed to be relatively low-tech and capable of being learned by previously unskilled people. Another key consideration was project management - in order to attract overseas buyers, consistent high quality of finished goods is essential.

How does the project benefit the community and/or the environment?

So far, more than 50,000 dirty, discarded plastic bags have been reclaimed from streets and fields, cleaned and made into products.

FunkyJunk is formally registered as a Community Interest Company (CIC) in the UK, to encourage social investors and ensure centralised financial transparency for what will ultimately become a multi-country operation. A CIC's assets are locked, and it is legally required to reinvest a minimum of 65% of its profits back into the communities it serves.

FunkyJunk's aim is to replicate the existing centre in as many other locations as possible - not just in Cambodia, but in other destinations that have a rubbish problem (which I think makes all of them!). These centres, as now, will be created in partnership with a local NGO, who can apply to join the group. Every partner has a seat on the "partnership panel" and will receive a share of the profits dedicated for community development.

As Funkyjunk grows, its aim is to offer those who show aptitude (even at bag cleaning) the opportunity to visit other centres and share their skills - giving them the chance to travel and learn from other cultures.

FunkyJunk has been established with a social business model that is combining 3 important things: a fair trade product that is also of high-end consumer quality; a proactive improvement of living environments targeting one of the biggest scourges of modern day living; and a centralised methodology that can be easily, cheaply and consistently replicated almost anywhere.

The success of a triple-bottom-line company depends on its ability to stay true to all the "3Ps" (people, profit and planet). A great deal of thought and planning has gone into the planning and structuring of FunkyJunk to ensure that all 3 of these goals can be consistently met whilst facilitating rapid expansion. The brand has intentionally been positioned to be both trendy and "funky", but with a clear story attached to it, and buyers understand exactly what their purchase is achieving.

Buyers have been coming not from just the "fair trade" world, but also from stylish, boutique outlets. People are buying FunkyJunk products not "just" because they are made of recycled products, but because they look great in their homes.

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