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Alan Machin: Tourism As Education
Home page: blogs, introductions, links to main pages
Berlin: Editing a Townscape
... and reading a city that has had many rebuilders
Making Sense of The Travel Learning Experience- 1
1 Information Streams
Making Sense of the Travel Learning Experience - 2
Some basic theories
Back to Basics: Presentation given at the Cuba EduTourism Conference
The CETA Conference in Havana, Cuba, 8/9 November 2010
About the author
Comments - CV - photos
At the heart of the tourist experience
Learning through Landscapes
Exploring Oxfordshire (and a bit of Gloucestershire!)
The Environment As Data: Building New Theories For Tourism
How tourists relate to places
Sail Gives Way to Steam
A return visit discovers just how much has been achieved in this iconic restoration
Richard III and the Battle of Bosworth Reenactment
Visits to Leicester and the battlefield event, 2013
Along The Way
Recollections and Reflections of 60+ Years' Learning about the World and its Ways
On the Edge of the New World
Shaping New England
Exploring Holderness in East Yorkshire; October 2012
Past Historic
Graf Zepplin, Spain 1968, OS History, Much Wenlock Olympics, Chatham Dockyard, Hawes Tourism, Colonial Williamsburg,
A Summer of Travelling / Matthew Starr
Three months' backpacking in Africa, Asia and Australia
East Anglia
The Broads, Pensthorpe natural history, Radar Museum, Caister Lifeboat Service and more!
A Richer Earth
Discoveries in the landscape and attractions of Shropshire
Blog Index Page
Blog pages from 2009 listed
From Strip Map to Sat Nav
'Finding the way' aids to exploration
Showcasing the World
How the Tourist Microcosm took centre stage
Doing A Dissertation
Notes to help students preparing their proposals
The Japanese Tsunami Destruction at First Hand
Sarah and Tom Wadsworth saw for themselves
Showcases: Examples
The range and variety of tourism's focal points examined
Jigsaw: Frameworks of Knowledge
The tourist jigsaw puzzle of - knowledge
Books and other works useful in studying tourism as education
Tourism's Educational Origins: Part 2
The development of tourism as education, 1845 -
Tourism's Educational Origins: Part 1
Tourism's educational origins and management
Impressions of Tourism in Cuba
Thoughts on having seen some of the country myself
Captain James Cook: North Yorkshire Days
Tracing the early life of Britain's greatest maritime explorer
Hunting the Hound of the Baskervilles
Tracking down places that inspired the famous detective story and moulded Dartmoor's image
Exploring the Idea of Dark Tourism
What is it? Is it a useful idea?
Talking to Tourists
Visitor interpretation - guide books, visitor centres and other media
Shades of Light and Dark in the Garden of England
An exploration in East Sussex and Kent, June/July 2010
Hunting the Gladiator and the Gecko
A thirteen-year search for a wartime adventure
Steam Up For A Famous Film's Birthday Party
The Railway Children weekend on the Worth Valley line raises questions about heritage presentations
Anne-Marie Rhodes: Making a Difference in South East Asia
Leeds Met graduate of '07 describes her activities
Discoveries in Northumberland, April 2010
Alnwick Gardens; Winter's Gibbet; Holy Island, Cragside, Wallington Hall
Discoveries in the Midlands, March 2010
Bletchley Park National Codes and Cipher Centre; and the Rollright Stones
Alan Machin's Blog - April 2010
The development of tourism as education continued
Jigsaw Puzzle!
The Adventure of the Timely Tourist
Leaders Into The Field
People who inspired everyone to explore
Alan Machin's blogs - February and March 2010
Postings on the history tourism as education - redirection
Alan Machin's Blog - January 2010
Tourist photography and souvenirs
Earlier front-page blog postings - January 2010 onwards
Archived after being on the Home Page
News from higher education and - beyond
The Development of Educational Tourism
Key dates in the development of educational tourism
Alan Machin's Blog - December 2009
Christmas Quiz and other postings
Analysing Heritage Tourism
Ideas and perspectives on a hugely important sector
Alan Machin's Blog - November 2009
Visitors' Views of Stonehenge, West Sussex - and other Postings
Are Universities Losing Their Way?
Reflections having retired
Teaching Tourism At Leeds Met
Remembering the Best
Alan Machin's Blog - October 2009
Thoughts about university life and discovery by travel
Alan Machin's Blog - September 2009
Further postings about a trip last month to the USA, and about higher education
Alan Machin's Blog - August 2009
Postings about a trip this month to the USA
Alan Machin's Blog - July 2009
The Story So Far reaches the summer
Alan Machin's Blog - June 2009
The Story So Far looks back on seventeen years at Leeds Met
Alan Machin's Blog - May 2009
Another month of The Story So Far
Alan Machin's blog - April 2009
Yet more of the Story So Far
Alan Machin's blog - March 2009
More of The Story So Far
Alan Machin's Blog - February 2009
The Story So Far - pioneers, people and places
Alan Machin's Blog: January 2009
The Story So Far .... first postings of '09
Alan Machin's Blog: December 2008
The Story So Far .... latest postings
Alan Machin's Blog - November '08
The Story So Far.... continued
Alan Machin's Blog: October 2008
The Story So Far....
No Place Like Rome
The eternal city with the eternal tourists
Charleston, South Carolina
A photo essay about a fine historic city
Idealog - December 2007
Ideas, notes and comments
Idealog - November 2007
Ideas, notes and comments
The Educational Origins of Tourism
Discussion paper
Idealog - October 2007
Coton Military Cemetery; Education and Tourism; Chatham Maritime; Dickens World; Quiz Answers; Tourist Guides; Mediation In Tourism
Idealog - September 2007
Plane Paradox;Tour Guiding; Where in the World?; Do Tourism Students Know Where They Are?; Leeds Met's Wow!; Sea Harrier; Scarborough and Tourism As Education; Doing A Dissertation; Types of Tourist; A Media Lens; Cost of Travelling Alone; Risk of Bias?
Idealog - August 2007
A People Industry; Heritage Interpretation; Lud's Church; Tourists Go Home!; Stone Gappe YHA; Insight Guides; Eyewitness Guides; Bramhope Tunnel; Elizabethan Progress; Information Quality Matrix
Idealog - July 2007
Hidden Heroes, Health Tourism, Holme Fen Posts; Harrogate (again); Whitby Abbey; Dramatic Interpretation; Harrogate Interpretation, Attractions and Royal Hall
Idealog - June 2007
Christian Pilgrimage; Cincinnati Museums Centre; The Coming of the Guide Book; Talking to Tourists - Media, Stages of the Visit, The Service Journey; Tourism's Missing Link; The Final Call; SATuration level; Halifax's Edwardian Window on the World
Idealog - May 2007
Martin and Osa Johnson, Wensleydale Creamery, Malham Tarn, Thomas Cook, Northern Ireland's Tourism Rebuild, Jamestown Festival Park, Cite des Sciences
Idealog - April 2007
The Promenade Plantee, The Jardin des Plantes, Environmental Data, Victorian Beauty Spot Rediscovered, Jamestown, The Anglers' Country Park, Children's Museums, Fairburn Ings
Idealog - March 2007
A Sense of the Past- The 'Amsterdam', The Outdoor Classroom, Film-Induced Tourism, Making Tracks for the Coast and Country, Pictures, Context and Meaning, Classics-on-Sea, Hi Hi Everyone!, Dark Side of the Dream, Holodyne - The Action Cycle
Idealog - February 2007
Don't Go There!, Space Tourism, The Crystal Cathedral, New Books on Tourism, Dark Tourism - Undercliffe Cemetery, Showcase - The Louvre, A Class Act, First Impressions Count, Postal Pleasures, Canaletto in Venice, Serpent Mound, Capsule Culture etc
Idealog - January 2007
Capsule Culture,Seaside Style, Poble Espanyol, Mallorca, Edgar Dale, Children's Holiday Homes, Representations of Reality, Outdoor Education in Germany, Baedeker Guides, Geography Textbooks, Environmental Data Theory etc
Idealog - December 2006
Writers on Landscape, Story Books, The Deep, Flour Power and the Archers,Showcases: Grand Tour, Halifax Piece Hall, Books of Concern about Tourism, Tourist Traces, Tourist Typologies, The Growth of Educational Tourism, The Field Studies Council, etc
Idealog - November 2006
A blog of ideas, comments and notes
Travel To Understand: Belfast
Telling the stories of troubled times
World Quiz 2010
Geography with a tourism angle
The Monterey Bay Aquarium
An outstanding educational facility in California
Chicago: Tourism Re-Imaging
A closer view of an iconic city
Colonial Williamsburg
A Virginia history showcase
A Social Club Outing By Train, 1935
How to do Scotland in 30 hours flat
Going Dutch
Presenting the past in the Netherlands
Keukenhof: Business is Blooming
Using tourism to promote an industry
A View of Italy for the City
Trentham Gardens Revived
A Case Study in Heritage Management
A curious tale of misleading publicity
Old Rice Farm
The story of the house in the 'holler'
Perfection in Paradise: The Eden Project
New page being added: The Eden Project's design for success
Escaping From Slavery: Facing Our Past
The US National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
Prague Tourist Shows
Outstanding showcase attractions in the city
Retracing the Steps: Tourism as Education
ATLAS Conference paper given in Finland, 2000
Tourism and Historic Towns: The Cultural Key
A background paper for a Council of Europe Conference
The Social Helix
Visitor Interpretation as a Tool for Social Development, 1989
Malta Residential, 14-21 Feb 2006 - Page 1
Reports and Pictures
Malta Residential, 14-21 Feb 2006 - Page 2
Photos and reports of Friday 17 Feb onwards
Malta Residential, 14-21 February 2006 - Page 3
Reports and pictures from Sunday, 19 February onwards
Tourism Alumni Reunion, 8 March 2003
Leeds tourism students reunion 2003
World Geography Quiz 1
A test of your knowledge
The Adventure of the Timely Tourist
The answers
Tall Ships Race 2010 Converged on Hartlepool
A major event-based boost for tourism in the town
Plymouth: From the Tamar to the Sea
Starting point for explorations round the globe
Plimoth Plantation
A reconstruction of the Mayflower settlers' village of the 1620s on the north east coast of North America
World Geography Quiz 2010 - Answers
Geography with a tourism angle
World Geography Quiz - Answers
Christmas Quiz 2009 - Answers
A day in the city including the Botanic Garden
Tourist Showcases
Examples from around the world

Going Dutch

A beautifully-kept open air museum at Enkhuizen recalls the history and culture of villages around the former Zuider Zee. What was once an inland arm of the North Sea was closed off in 1932 to form the IJselmeer. Enkhuizen was one of the villages on the edge of the IJselmeer which had to readjust to the loss of salt-water fishing. The Zuider Zee Museum was begun, and the village entered the tourism industry.

Zuider Zee composite 2

The Museum is at Enkuizen, about an hour by train from Amsterdam Central station. The town is an attractive place with a busy harbour on the IJselmeer, next to the long dyke which carries a road across the former Zuider Zee to Lelystad. It's the story of the people who lived next to the Zuider Zee that is told here. You can walk to one of the Museum entrances quite easily (but beware wrong turns which leave you stranded on the wrong side of the harbor entrance) but the best way is by Museum boat. It first goes to a special ticketing point at the end of the IJselmeer dyke road, then takes you along the lagoon to a landing point next to the main open air buildings.

Zuider Zee composite 1

A display map at the entrance and signposts show the way around the compact site - which has a lot to see in small groups of buildings.

The Zuider Zee Open Air Museum is accompanied by a 'traditional' indoor museum in a set of buildings on a street that is part of the town. These are themselves historic buildings, having connections with the Dutch East India Company which developed colonies in south east Asia. There are other buildings in Enkhuizen which are part of the conservation effort locally.

Such museums have a longer history in Europe and North America than in Britain (for example, see the review of the Colonial Williamsburg book on another page). Generally they stemmed from industrial growth and other changes to community landscapes which spurred people to realise that old cultural reminders were being lost. In Norway the royal family took a lead in preserving buildings such as wooden-stave built churches which were being replaced during tha late nineteenth century. Another influence was British: that of the Great Exhibition of 1851, which made people realise the educational significance of collections drawn from foreign cultures which could be exhibited in one place for visitors to see. The Swedish traveller, Artur Hazelius, pioneered the great Stockholm Open Air Museum, Skansen, in 1891, based on ideas garnerned from international exhibitions.

Though British historians debated the need for British examples, and there were short-lived attempts in Harrogate and New Barnet to begin them, it was the Isle of Man which opened the first at Cregneash in 1938. Wales opened St Fagans, and Northern Ireland opened Cultra Manor, in the late 1940s. York's Castle Museum, of the same year as Cregneash, but is not an open air museum, relying on indoor sections of buildings within its reconstructed street. Kirkstall's Abbey House Museum in Leeds was opened in 1927 but its street reconstructions date from the 1950s and are again indoors.

Zuider Zee composite 3

From the boat the three landmark lime kilns of the Zuider Zee Museum are prominent. This Museum might be decribed as a regional museum in that it has buildings rebuilt after being moved from other, often distant locations. They are grouped at Zuider Zee to recreate characteristic 'scenes' - representations of a fishing harbour, a small town, another village etc. The kilns make a landmark which immediately tells the visitor something about the life of the communities being displayed - about historic and cultural difference. They can also become icons for the attraction.

While this Museum was intended in some degree to replace the declining economic life of Enkhuizen as a fishing port, it has to be emphasised that it was not a commercially-based development. Interest in the past and how parents' and grandparents' generations lived was what drove them. The commercial elements that are present have to serve the considerable costs of running the Museum, not the other way round. As mentioned on the front page of this web site, not-for-profit development policies come first, not one of the other usual marketing Ps.

Above left: the lime kilns and a slaking house near the boat entrance. Sea shells were burnt with coal dust or peat in the kilns, then slaked with water to make one of the components of cement. Right: a green-painted house from Lagedijk belonging to a prosperous family. To its right a butcher's shop and beyond that a cheese warehouse (white structure) and then a building used for a modern video show about local historic events. Extreme right (smaller building) a bakery with shop.

Zuider Zee composite 4a

Fish are smoked in the wooden shed from Barradeel, where nets and other implements are shown. Every day there are freshly smoked herring to be sampled.

Zuider Zee composite 5

Rather unusual: a steam powered laundry, operating daily. A rotating wooden barrel like an old-style milk churn; a steel revolving drum and a belt-driven mangle are all in use, powered by a small, horizontal, steam engine.

Zuider Zee composite 11

The steam engine in the laundry, and a cooper's workshop in a building from Vollenhove. The contents of the cooperage were obtained locally in Enkhuizen.

Zuider Zee composite 6

These pictures are of a replica of a school from Kollum in the Frisian Islands. The first room (right) shows a scene of 1905 with wall map and spelling aids - and oil lighting. The other room (left) shows a 1930s style. We happened to sit opposite this family group of two grandparents with their two grandchildren on the train to Enkhuizen. Here they are experiencing a 1930-type of teaching, spied through the classroom door.

Zuider Zee composite 7

The inside story: left - the house belonging to the steam laundry. Centre and right: the Lagedijk house - parlour and kitchen.

Zuider Zee composite 8

Bakery and patisserie from Hoorn; cheese in a Landsmeer warehouse; herring at the Barradeel smoke house; a butcher's shop from Purmerend

Zuider Zee composite 9

A sailing barge on the town canal and a wind-driven pump from the polders of West Friesland.

Zuider Zee composite 10

Near to the main display area is a reconstruction of the harbour at Buurterhaven on the island of Marken. The cart has baskets full of peat.

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